Tehran, Iran – As nuclear talks to reverse Iran’s 2015 nuclear deal are likely to be expected, a report by the global nuclear watchdog highlights Iran’s complex monitoring relationship.
In a report released Monday, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) said Iran had failed to fully explain traces of uranium found in several undeclared areas.
“After several months, Iran has not provided a substantial explanation for the presence of nuclear material particles in any of the three locations where the agency conducts complementary accesses. [inspections], ”The IAEA told member states.
The United Kingdom, France and Germany, the three European power parties in the Iran nuclear deal, tried to condemn Iran to the IAEA board of governors – with support from the United States – earlier this year but dropped the their plan after Iran agreed to cooperate internationally. expert.
Another board meeting will be set for later this month, but the pursuit of a similar plan by European powers could directly jeopardize ongoing talks in Vienna to restore the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), as formally known the nuclear deal.
Iran’s nuclear chief Ali Akbar Salehi wrote a letter to IAEA Director General Rafael Grossi after the agency’s latest report was published.
According to Vienna’s ambassador to Iran Kazem Gharibabadi, he pointed out in the letter that Iran has only agreed to resume recording its nuclear facilities for another month to continue technical negotiations with the agency.
“With precautions, Iran has so far made the utmost efforts to cooperate with the agency substantially and provide necessary clarifications and answers,” Gharibabadi tweeted, adding that Iran will continue to cooperate.
In response, Russia’s top negotiator in Vienna, Mikhail Ulyanov, said that relations between Iran and the IAEA are “complicated” at the moment but “we have reason to believe that the current difficulties are temporary in nature” .
Possible 6th round
This is while the fifth round of talks in Vienna to lift U.S. sanctions on Iran and return it to full compliance with the JCPOA may not be as late as the delegates expected.
Iran’s top negotiator, deputy foreign minister Abbas Araghchi, said on Monday that he believed the delegates may have to return to their capitals one more time to consult.
“We have reached the main issues of the debate. We are at a point where we are only negotiating the obvious differences and most of the necessary texts have been drafted,” he said.
Former US President Donald Trump unilaterally abandoned the nuclear deal in May 2018, highlighting the relentless wave of sanctions as part of his administration’s “maximum pressure” campaign in Iran.
Efforts to restore the agreement continue as Iran heads for election on June 18, with conservative chief justice Ebrahim Raisi leading the way.
The IAEA report on Monday also provided the first detailed insight into the sabotage disturbances at Iran’s main nuclear facilities in Natanz – one of several last year – blamed on the nation of Israel.
The agency reported that Iran’s total storage of enriched uranium of various grades increased by an estimated 273kg (600 pounds) in the three months ended May 22, more than half the 525kg increase in the previous quarter.
The Natanz power blackout occurred in the middle of this period, on April 11th.
Iran began enriching uranium to a purity of more than 60 percent following the incident, its highest, prompting the IAEA’s Grossi to call it “very pertual” last month. Iran’s stockpile of 60-percent enriched uranium now stands at just 2.4kg, according to the watchdog.
But the IAEA also said that Iran’s total stockpile is now estimated at nearly 3,241kg, about 16 times higher than the allowable stockpile under the JCPOA, which also ended up enriching by 3.67 per cent.